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SCIENCE- VARIOUS TOPICS- 2nd-5th grade

Summary: Through movement exercises and creative exploration, students will use their bodies to explore recurring scientific themes in physical, earth and life sciences. Classes can be 1 to 6 sessions and can include a culminating presentation that expresses data and research creatively. Topics include:
• Matter and energy
• Force, motion and energy
• Life cycle and other patterns found in nature (e.g. water cycle)

2nd Grade TEKS Addressed:

(5) Matter and energy. The student knows that matter has physical properties and those properties determine how it is described, classified, changed, and used. The student is expected to:
(A) classify matter by physical properties, including shape, relative mass, relative temperature, texture, flexibility, and whether material is a solid or liquid; (2nd)

(6) Force, motion, and energy. The student knows that forces cause change and energy exists in many forms. The student is expected to:
(D) compare patterns of movement of objects such as sliding, rolling, and spinning.

(8) Earth and space. The student knows that there are recognizable patterns in the natural world and among objects in the sky. The student is expected to:
(C) explore the processes in the water cycle, including evaporation, condensation, and precipitation, as connected to weather conditions; and

(9) Organisms and environments. The student knows that living organisms have basic needs that must be met for them to survive within their environment. The student is expected to:
(A) identify the basic needs of plants and animals;
(B) identify factors in the environment, including temperature and precipitation, that affect growth and behavior such as migration, hibernation, and dormancy of living things; and
(C) compare and give examples of the ways living organisms depend on each other and on their environments such as food chains within a garden, park, beach, lake, and wooded area.

(10) Organisms and environments. The student knows that organisms resemble their parents and have structures and processes that help them survive within their environments. The student is expected to:
(A) observe, record, and compare how the physical characteristics and behaviors of animals help them meet their basic needs such as fins help fish move and balance in the water;
(B) observe, record, and compare how the physical characteristics of plants help them meet their basic needs such as stems carry water throughout the plant; and
(C) investigate and record some of the unique stages that insects undergo during their life cycle.

3rd Grade TEKS Addressed:

(2) Scientific investigation and reasoning. The student uses scientific inquiry methods during laboratory and outdoor investigations. The student is expected to:
(F) communicate valid conclusions supported by data in writing, by drawing pictures, and through verbal discussion.

(6) Force, motion, and energy. The student knows that forces cause change and that energy exists in many forms. The student is expected to:
(A) explore different forms of energy, including mechanical, light, sound, and heat/thermal in everyday life;
(B) demonstrate and observe how position and motion can be changed by pushing and pulling objects to show work being done such as swings, balls, pulleys, and wagons; and
(C) observe forces such as magnetism and gravity acting on objects.

(10) Organisms and environments. The student knows that organisms undergo similar life processes and have structures that help them survive within their environments. The student is expected to:
(C) investigate and compare how animals and plants undergo a series of orderly changes in their diverse life cycles such as tomato plants, frogs, and lady bugs.

4th Grade TEKS Addressed:

(5) Matter and energy. The student knows that matter has measurable physical properties and those properties determine how matter is classified, changed, and used. The student is expected to:
(A) measure, compare, and contrast physical properties of matter, including size, mass, volume, states (solid, liquid, gas), temperature, magnetism, and the ability to sink or float;
(B) predict the changes caused by heating and cooling such as ice becoming liquid water and condensation forming on the outside of a glass of ice water; and

(6) Force, motion, and energy. The student knows that energy exists in many forms and can be observed in cycles, patterns, and systems. The student is expected to:
(D) design an experiment to test the effect of force on an object such as a push or a pull, gravity, friction, or magnetism.

(10) Organisms and environments. The student knows that organisms undergo similar life processes and have structures that help them survive within their environment. The student is expected to:
(C) explore, illustrate, and compare life cycles in living organisms such as butterflies, beetles, radishes, or lima beans.

5th Grade TEKS Addressed:

(6) Force, motion, and energy. The student knows that energy occurs in many forms and can be observed in cycles, patterns, and systems. The student is expected to:
(A) explore the uses of energy, including mechanical, light, thermal, electrical, and sound energy;
(B) demonstrate that the flow of electricity in circuits requires a complete path through which an electric current can pass and can produce light, heat, and sound;
(C) demonstrate that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels through one medium to another and demonstrate that light can be reflected such as the use of mirrors or other shiny surfaces and refracted such as the appearance of an object when observed through water;

(10) Organisms and environments. The student knows that organisms undergo similar life processes and have structures that help them survive within their environments. The student is expected to:
(C) describe the differences between complete and incomplete metamorphosis of insects.